CARSON CITY, Nev. -- State lawmakers passed a bill to add Nevada to a growing list of U.S. states mailing ballots to active voters ahead of the November election.
The bill, which was passed Sunday, now heads to Gov. Steve Sisolak, a Democrat. If he signs it as expected, Nevada will join seven states that plan to automatically mail ballots to voters. Those states include California and Vermont, which moved earlier this summer to adopt automatic mailed-ballot policies.
In a tweet Monday morning, President Donald Trump called the Nevada bill's passage "an illegal late night coup." He accused Sisolak of exploiting the coronavirus pandemic to ensure votes in Nevada would favor Democrats.
"Nevada's clubhouse Governor made it impossible for Republicans to win the state. Post Office could never handle the Traffic of Mail-In Votes without preparation ... See you in court!"
Former U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid applauded the lawmakers' decision and called Trump's comments desperate.
"He's lying about our state leaders and threatening a bogus lawsuit simply because Democrats made it easier for people to vote," Reid said in a statement.
Trump has argued that the mailed ballots would lead to fraud and compromise the integrity of the election. The consensus among experts is that all forms of voter fraud are rare.
Nevada Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske, a Republican, told lawmakers Friday that she wasn't aware of any fraud in the June primary, when Nevada mailed absentee ballots to all active voters and only opened a limited number of polling places to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
Limited polling places in Reno and Las Vegas resulted in lines of up to eight hours.
In the primary, all Nevada counties had one polling place except for Clark County, which had three in the Las Vegas area. The bill requires at least 140 polling places throughout the state in November, including 100 in Clark County, which had 179 in the November 2018 election.
Christine Saunders of the Progressive Leadership Alliance of Nevada said the long waits in the June primary demonstrated why Nevada needs both mail and in-person voting opportunities.
"No one should have to choose between their health and voting," she said.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued election guidance that suggests providing a variety of voting options and limiting crowds at polling places.
In states such as Colorado and Oregon, which have mailed ballots to all voters for years, the procedure is cheaper than holding an in-person election.
But Cegavske said the equipment, education, printing and postage would cost the Nevada secretary of state's office an additional $3 million, not including costs to counties, which distribute and tabulate ballots.
Nevada spent more than $4 million in federal relief dollars in the primary, most of it funneled to counties. More than $1 million went toward leasing counting and sorting machines to accommodate a greater number of absentee ballots.
Cegavske, the state's top election official and the only Republican to hold statewide office, opposed the revised procedures. She blasted the Democratic-controlled Legislature for excluding her from discussions and said she saw a draft of the bill only a day before the vote in the state Assembly.
"We were not involved in this bill's writing at all," she said Friday.
The legislation gives the governor the power to command the secretary of state to adjust election procedures during a declared state of emergency. It passed on a party-line vote through both the state Senate and Assembly, with Democrats in favor and Republicans opposed.
Republicans were particularly distressed with provisions of the bill that expand who is allowed to collect and hand in ballots. They warned it would enable a practice that detractors call "ballot harvesting," in which volunteers working for political groups collect and turn in large quantities of ballots to tip the scales in elections.
Democrats argued that allowing people other than family members to return ballots would help groups such as Nevada's 32 American Indian tribes, who have historically faced difficulty voting and live far from polling places, and seniors who may need assistance with voting and who fear venturing to the polls.
For the June primary, all voters were mailed ballots and 1.6% voted in person on election day, a tiny share compared with the 34.2% in the state who voted in person in the November 2018 election.