ATLANTA — President Joe Biden will use a speech in Georgia to endorse changing Senate rules that have stalled voting rights legislation, saying it's time to choose "democracy over autocracy." But some civil rights groups won't be there, in protest of what they say is administration inaction.
As he turns to his current challenge, Biden on Tuesday is also paying tribute to civil rights battles past — visiting Atlanta's historic Ebenezer Baptist Church, where the late Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. once held forth from the pulpit, and placing a wreath at the crypt of King and his wife, Coretta Scott King.
With Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., setting next Monday's Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a deadline to either pass voting legislation or consider revising the rules around the chamber's filibuster blocking device, Biden is expected to evoke the memories of the U.S. Capitol riot a year ago in more forcefully aligning himself with the voting rights effort.
Biden plans to tell his audience, "The next few days, when these bills come to a vote, will mark a turning point in this nation."
"Will we choose democracy over autocracy, light over shadow, justice over injustice? I know where I stand. I will not yield. I will not flinch," he'll say, according to prepared remarks. "I will defend your right to vote and our democracy against all enemies foreign and domestic. And so the question is where will the institution of the United States Senate stand?"
A White House official, previewing the speech on the condition of anonymity, said Biden would voice support for changing the Senate filibuster rules only so far as ensuring the right to vote is defended — a strategy some Democrats have been looking to the president to embrace. The current rules require 60 votes to advance most legislation including voting rights — a threshold that Senate Democrats can't meet alone because they only have a 50-50 majority with Vice President Kamala Harris to break ties. Republicans unanimously oppose the voting rights measures.
Biden in the past has waded more cautiously into the debate. He is a former longtime senator who largely stands by existing rules but is also under enormous political pressure to engineer a breakthrough. Even with his pressure, it's not clear what practical effect he can have.
Not all Democrats are on board with changing the filibuster rules. And should the Democrats clear the obstacles to passage of the voting rights laws, it could be too late to counter widespread voting restrictions passed in 19 states following former president Donald Trump's 2020 loss and his lies — embraced by many in the GOP -- that the election was stolen through voter fraud.
Some voting rights advocates planned to boycott Biden's speech. Georgia Democratic gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams, known for her untiring voting rights work, also was skipping the event. The White House, meanwhile, sent out an unusually long list of attendees for the speech. Aides said Abrams had a conflict but didn't explain further, though she tweeted support for the president.
Biden said before his trip the two had a scheduling mix-up but had spoken and were "all on the same page."
When asked what he was risking politically by speaking out when there aren't enough votes to change the rules, he said: "I risk not saying what I believe. That's what I risk. This is one of those defining moments. It really is. People are going to be judged on where were they before and where were they after the vote. History is going to judge us."
Voting rights advocates in Georgia and nationwide are increasingly anxious about what may happen in 2022 and beyond. They view the changes in many states as a subtler form of the ballot restrictions like literacy tests and poll taxes once used to disenfranchise Black voters, a key Democratic constituency.
"We're beyond speeches. At this point, what we need, what we are demanding, is federal legislation," said LaTosha Brown, co-founder of Black Votes Matter. And it can't happen soon enough, she said.
Republicans who have fallen in line behind Trump's election misinformation are separately promoting efforts to influence future elections by installing sympathetic leaders in local election posts and by backing for elective office some of those who participated in the riot at the U.S. Capitol a year ago.
Democratic Sen. Raphael Warnock of Georgia, who is senior pastor of the church Biden will visit and who made history as the first Black senator elected in Georgia, said ahead of the speech that "anything that can happen that will continue to shine a bright light on the urgency of this issue is important."
Warnock is among senators who accompanied Biden to Georgia aboard Air Force One. He said he believes Biden understands that "democracy itself is imperiled by this all-out assault that we've been witnessing by state legislatures all across the country, and this is a moral moment. Everybody must show up."
White House press secretary Jen Psaki rejected some activists' complaints that Biden hasn't been a strong enough advocate.
"We understand the frustration by many advocates that this is not passed into law, yet. He would love to have signed this into law himself," she said.
Georgia is at the center of it all, one of the key battleground states in the 2020 elections. After the votes were counted and recounted, Trump told a top state election official he wanted the official to "find" enough votes to overturn his loss. The state's votes nonetheless went to Biden, and both of its Senate seats went to Democrats as well.
Last year, however, the Republican governor signed a sweeping rewrite of election rules that, among other things, gives the State Election Board new powers to intervene in county election offices and to remove and replace local election officials. That has led to concerns that the Republican-controlled state board could exert more influence over the administration of elections, including the certification of county results.
The election official who rejected Trump's vote change suggestions, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, said during a news conference Tuesday morning that the policies pushed by Biden and the vice president "will undermine the integrity of our elections."
He said the pair "will push to try and change long-standing rules so they can push a partisan bill that rigs the rules of elections to favor Democrats. Make no mistake, this is an attempt to weaken election security under the guise of voting rights."
Congressional Democrats have written voting legislation that would usher in the biggest overhaul of U.S. elections in a generation by striking down hurdles to voting enacted in the name of election security, reducing the influence of big money in politics and limiting partisan influence over the drawing of congressional districts.
The package would create national election standards that would trump state-level GOP laws. It would also restore the ability of the Justice Department to police election laws in states with a history of discrimination.
But to pass the legislation — which Republicans have outright rejected -- the Democrats say they must change the Senate rules that allow a minority of 41 senators to block a bill.