FAYETTEVILLE -- The time when the city could operate without sales tax revenue is long gone, administrators say.
Officials are asking voters to continue the city's 1-cent sales tax for operations and some capital expenditures. Early voting for the Aug. 10 election begins Tuesday.
Sixty percent of the revenue from the tax on goods goes to general operations, mostly personnel. The remaining 40% goes to capital improvements.
The tax generates about $22.5 million in revenue annually, according to Paul Becker, the city's chief financial officer. That equates to about $13.5 million for operations and $9 million for capital expenditures.
Voters have continued the tax twice in special elections held in 2011 and 2002. The City Council enacted the tax in 1993. The tax passed with a significant majority in each election.
The levy is set to expire in two years. Continuation of the tax would extend it until 2033.
No groups in opposition have filed with the Arkansas Ethics Commission.
The city would need to cut more than 130 positions if the tax fails, Becker said. Services to the public would take a hit as a result. Basic programs such as street overlay, new sidewalks and trails, and equipment and technology upgrades and replacements would end, he said. The reduced revenue would begin in 2023 if the tax extension fails, he said.
The administration uses growth in city sales tax revenue to keep up reserve money and give employees raises each spring. There would be no growth in revenue to base raises on if the vote fails, Becker said, because there would be no city sales tax for operations.
The city receives a portion of Washington County sales tax revenue and property taxes, Becker said. However, the amounts aren't enough to maintain the current level of services for residents, he said.
Most of the revenue from property taxes goes to the Fayetteville School District. The city budgeted about $4 million in property tax revenue for this year. It budgeted about $16 million in revenue from the county sales tax this year. The overall general fund operational expenses are about $49.5 million this year, about 81% of which is for personnel.
City sales tax makes up another 27% of general fund revenue at $13.5 million. The remaining 30% or so of general fund revenue comes from fees, building permits, alcohol taxes and other sources.
Trying to cut the budget more than $20 million in revenue would take a deep analysis, Becker said.
"There's no way to not cut people," he said.
There's an example on the city website of what would happen if cuts were made evenly across departments. Becker said the numbers likely would differ if the vote fails, but the example shows the scale of the impact. The City Council would make the final decision on budget cuts.
The example says if the city cut the budget by 27% -- the percentage of revenue the tax brings to the general fund -- across all operational categories, personnel expenditures would be reduced by about $11 million.
There are nearly 500 full-time equivalent positions paid for under the city's general fund, and a 27% cut would result in about 150 city employees losing jobs, according to Becker.
If applied equally in each department, about 48 of 176 police employees and 33 of 122 employees in the Fire Department would be let go. Seven full-time equivalent positions would need to be eliminated from the Parks Department.
Also in Becker's example, the city's contracts with organizations such as the Boys & Girls Club, 7 Hills Homeless Center, Area Agency on Aging for the senior center, public access television and the Arkansas Air & Military Museum would be drastically reduced or cut entirely.
The city's population has just about doubled since 1993 when the sales tax was first put to a vote. The city depended on revenue from property taxes before then, said Stephen Davis, who worked in the city's Financial Department from 1991 to 2006 and served as the budget administrator. The population was about 42,000 in the mid-1990s, according to the city's 2030 plan. The population in 2019 was more than 85,000, according to census data.
The city's millage rate is 2.3 mills. The state caps the millage rates for cities at 5 mills. Even if the city raised the millage rate, it wouldn't be enough to make up the loss in revenue from the city sales tax, Becker said.
Fayetteville overall has a 9.75% sales tax rate. One penny of the 2% city sales tax is the one up for continuation. Voters renewed the other penny in an April 2019 special election to pay off $226 million in bond projects.
Fayetteville sales tax election
City voters will decide whether to extend the 1% local sales and use tax in Fayetteville from its June 30, 2023, expiration to a new expiration date of June 30, 2033.
Early voting is 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Tuesday through Aug. 9 at the County Clerk’s Office of the Washington County Courthouse, 280 N. College Ave. The courthouse will be closed for the weekend days, Aug. 7 and 8.
The voting centers below will be open 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. on Election Day, Aug. 10. All eligible voters in the city can cast a vote.
• Baldwin Corner Stone Church of Christ, 4377 Huntsville Road
• Central United Methodist, 6 W. Dickson St.
• Covenant Church, 4511 W. Wedington Drive
• Genesis Church, 205 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.
• Mount Comfort Church of Christ, 3249 W. Mount Comfort Road
• Sang Avenue Baptist Church, 1425 N. Sang Ave.
• Sequoyah Methodist Church, 1910 N. Old Wire Road
• Trinity Fellowship, 1100 Rolling Hills Drive
For election questions, call the Washington County Clerk’s Office at 444-1711.
For more information on the election issue, go to:
Source: Washington County Election Commission, Fayetteville