FAYETTEVILLE -- The city board of health needs daily antigen test results at the county level to make informed recommendations to city officials during the covid-19 pandemic, its members agreed Wednesday.
Gov. Asa Hutchinson last week began including positive antigen test results statewide in his near-daily news conferences. The city's board also had sent a letter to Hutchinson asking for antigen results.
Antigen tests have results available quickly, and are designed for people showing symptoms. The polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, test can take up to a few days to get results back. The number of daily positive cases the state releases are the PCR tests.
Hutchinson said during his news conference Wednesday the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends separating the antigen test results from the PCR results. Last week, Jennifer Dillaha, the state's medical director for immunizations, said a positive PCR test means a confirmed positive case. A positive antigen test means a probable case.
However, "probable" means a 95% likely confirmed case, she said.
City board members agreed Wednesday they don't care if the two test results are separated or consolidated, but making countywide antigen test results available would be helpful. The board has no regulatory authority beyond what the state permits, but can make recommendations to the City Council and city administration on how best to handle the pandemic.
Marti Sharkey, the city's public health officer, said she's been tracking antigen test results from a few local clinics. However, the results don't indicate whether the positives are coming from people who live in the city, she said.
Isolating positive test results within the city is difficult because even people who list a Fayetteville address may live outside the city, Fire Chief Brad Hardin said. Using ZIP codes also would include several areas outside the city, he said.
The board agreed getting the antigen data for Washington County every day, along with the PCR test results, as the state Department of Health already reports, would paint a clearer picture of covid activity in the community. The board asked Sharkey to send another letter to Hutchinson requesting the information be made available publicly.
"A positive is a positive," said Board Member Huda Sharaf, medical director of the Pat Walker Health Center at the University of Arkansas. "They could make this very easy and just report positive results."
Hutchinson on Wednesday also announced the state will use $4 million in federal coronavirus relief money to buy 120,000 antigen tests for local health units, college health centers and selected community testing sites by next month.
Hershey Garner, chairman of the city board, asked if schools could be considered as community testing sites. Fayetteville Public Schools have no on-site testing, he said.
"That is just not a workable solution," Garner said.
Sharkey said school officials have concerns with staffing to pull off on-site testing. Garner suggested asking the National Guard for help administering tests if that's the case.
Fayetteville Public Schools reported 13 positive covid cases among students and staff as of Wednesday. The University of Arkansas online dashboard reported 888 active cases.
The state reported 42 new cases in Washington County on Wednesday and 773 active positive cases using PCR test results.
A webpage has launched with regular updates from Fayetteville’s public health officer, Dr. Marti Sharkey, at:
Stacy Ryburn can be reached by email at [email protected] or on Twitter @stacyryburn.