SEOUL, South Korea -- North Korea said Sunday that the two projectiles it fired a day earlier were a new type of missile, making this the third new short-range ballistic missile or rocket system the North has successfully tested in less than a month as Washington struggles to resume talks on denuclearization.
The two missiles were launched off North Korea's east coast Saturday in its second weapons test in the past week. On Sunday, North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency released photographs of Kim Jong Un, the North Korean leader, watching what it called the launching of "another new weapon system."
After scrutinizing the photos, outside analysts said the missiles, fired from a tracked mobile launcher with two missile tubes, were of a type unveiled for the first time.
South Korea's military said the missiles flew about 250 miles before landing in waters between the Korean Peninsula and Japan.
Kim expressed "great satisfaction" over the launches, which the North's news agency said verified that the new weapons system is able to perform as designed. North Korea's official Rodong Sinmun newspaper published several photos that showed Kim watching from an observation post and what appeared to be a missile soaring from a mobile launcher.
The news agency didn't specify whether the weapons were ballistic missiles or rocket artillery, but said they were developed to suit the North's "terrain condition" and provide "advantageous tactical character different from existing weapons systems."
North Korea has conducted five weapons tests since July 25, all of them in violation of U.N. resolutions, according to South Korea. They include a new short-range ballistic missile, known as KN-23 among outside analysts, which they said resembled Russia's Iskander missile in its flight pattern and other traits. The North also tested a new multiple-tube rocket launcher.
The test Saturday "looks like a new short-range ballistic missile," likely with a purpose similar to that of the KN-23, said Michael Duitsman, a research associate at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, Calif. "I am not sure why North Korea would need two different missiles for the same role."
But the unveiling and testing of a new missile leaves little doubt that despite President Donald Trump's insistence that his on-again, off-again diplomacy with Kim is making progress toward denuclearization, North Korea has continued to modernize and expand its missile capabilities.
"North Korea had not one but two short range ballistic missile under development this year," Melissa Hanham, a missile expert at One Earth Future Foundation, said on Twitter. "This is not denuclearizing, this is not even close."
Trump has shrugged off North Korea's recent weapons tests, calling them "smaller ones" that involved neither nuclear explosions nor intercontinental ballistic missiles. But the North's short-range missiles present a potent threat to South Korea and Japan, both key allies of the United States, as well as to the U.S. troops and civilians in both countries.
The president's attitude has essentially given North Korea a free hand in developing and testing its short-range weapons, analysts said. On Saturday, Trump said Kim had sent him a letter with a "small apology" explaining that North Korea was conducting tests to counter a U.S. military exercise with South Korea that Trump has criticized as too expensive.
On Sunday, North Korea invoked Trump's comments to argue that the South had no business complaining about its recent weapons tests.
"With regard to our test for developing the conventional weapons, even the U.S. president made a remark which in effect recognizes the self-defensive rights of a sovereign state, saying that it is a small missile test which a lot of countries do," Kwon Jong Gun, a North Korean Foreign Ministry official, said in a statement carried Sunday by the North Korean news agency.
All three of the new missile and rocket systems tested by the North in recent weeks are significant advances for the North Korean military, analysts said.
They all used solid fuel and were fired from mobile launchers. Such missiles and rockets are easier to transport and hide, especially in a mountainous country such as North Korea, and take less time to prepare for launching than the North's old missiles that used liquid fuel, they said.
The weapons also appeared to be maneuvered during flight, making it more difficult for South Korean and U.S. missile defense systems to intercept them, the analysts said.
"North Korea is modernizing its weapons to replace old ones," said Kim Dong-yub, a military expert at the Institute for Far Eastern Studies in Seoul, the South Korean capital. "They flew a bit longer, at lower altitudes and faster."
The North's recent weapons tests also highlight how quickly inter-Korean relations have deteriorated despite the three summits last year between Kim and President Moon Jae-in of South Korea.
The North also on Saturday lashed out at South Korea's recent acquisition of U.S.-made F-35 fighter jets and other plans to expand its military capabilities, saying that the South will gain "nothing but destruction" if it pursues a contest of strength with the North.
"Though we are to enter into a dialogue in future as the currents flow in favor of dialogue, [the South] had better keep in mind that this dialogue would be held strictly between the D.P.R.K and the U.S., not between the North and the South," Kwon said, referring to North Korea by its formal name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
"Given that the military exercise clearly puts us as an enemy in its concept, [the South] should think that an inter-Korean contact itself will be difficult to be made unless they put an end to such a military exercise or before they make a plausible excuse or an explanation in a sincere manner for conducting the military exercise," Kwon said.
North Korea has seldom attacked Trump in the hopes of maintaining the good will of the American president, who has said that he and Kim fell "in love."
Trump said that in his letter, Kim wrote that he wanted to resume dialogue with Washington as soon as the joint military drill between the United States and South Korea ended this month.
North Korea has been less amenable to negotiating with South Korea, which it accused of failing to implement the ambitious inter-Korean economic projects that Kim and Moon agreed to pursue in meetings last year.
Information for this article was contributed by Choe Sang-Hun of The New York Times and Kim Tong-Hyung of The Associated Press.
A Section on 08/12/2019
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