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story.lead_photo.caption Migrants rest Tuesday at a church in Tonala in Mexico’s Chiapas state.

PIJIJIAPAN, Mexico -- Central American migrants hoping to reach the U.S. are finding a much tougher trek than those in previous caravans, meeting unwelcoming townsfolk and a surprise raid by Mexican police and immigration agents who detained hundreds in Mexico's south.

While their compatriots were taken into custody Monday, hundreds of other migrants scrambled away into the brush along the highway in Chiapas state to elude authorities.

Many had already learned they would not be received in towns with the same hospitality that greeted previous caravans, and now they know they won't be safe walking along the rural highway either. Mexican authorities say they detained 371 people in the largest single raid on a migrant caravan since the groups started moving through the country last year.

Oscar Johnson Rivas fled up a mountain when officers converged on the caravan and spent six hours hiding in the thick vegetation before carefully making his way back to the highway with others. Some migrants, including women and children, remained in hiding without food.

"What we did was find the bush and get as far away as we could so they couldn't grab us," said Rivas, a 45-year-old soldier from El Salvador who said he had to flee his country because of gang threats.

Mexico's National Migration Institute issued a statement saying agents were carrying out an immigration check on a group of migrants who "began an aggression" against the agents, who then called in federal police.

It said 371 people, including a "significant number" of children and women, were "rescued" and taken to an immigration station.

Journalists saw police target isolated groups at the tail end of a caravan of about 3,000 migrants who were making their way through Chiapas, Mexico's southernmost state.

As migrants gathered under spots of shade in the burning heat outside the city of Pijijiapan, federal police and agents arrived in patrol trucks and vans and forcibly wrestled women, men and children into the vehicles.

The migrants were driven to buses, presumably for subsequent transportation to an immigration station for deportation processing.

Agents had encouraged groups of migrants that separated from the bulk of the caravan to rest after some seven hours of trudging along the road, including about half of that under a broiling sun. When the migrants regrouped to continue, they were detained.

Agents positioned themselves at the head of the group and at the back. Some people in civilian clothing appeared to be participating in the detentions.

After seeing others being detained, some migrants began walking in dense groups and picked up stones and sticks.

Officials from Mexico's National Human Rights Commission observed the action from a distance.

The U.S. has ramped up pressure on Mexico to do more to stem the flow of migrants. President Donald Trump railed against the government of his Mexican counterpart, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, and threatened to shut the entire border down, but then quickly congratulated Mexico for migrant arrests just a few weeks ago.

Asked about the detentions in a Tuesday morning news conference, Lopez Obrador did not give details on what he referred to as an "incident" but acknowledged that the government is not letting migrants simply go wherever they please. He denied taking a hard line, saying controls are for migrants' security because human traffickers allegedly infiltrated the caravans.

"We don't want for them to just have free passage," Lopez Obrador said, "not just out of legal concerns but for questions of safety."

Mexico already allows the United States to return some asylum seekers to Mexico as their cases play out. And government officials said in March that they would try to contain migrants in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the south. It is Mexico's narrowest area and the easiest to control. Pijijiapan and Mapastepec are not far from the isthmus' narrowest point, which is in neighboring Oaxaca state.

In recent months, Mexican authorities have deported thousands of migrants, though they also have issued more than 15,000 humanitarian visas that allow migrants to remain in the country and work.

A group of about 10 prominent social organizations recently warned that detentions of migrants have been rising and accused immigration agents and federal, state and local police of violating their human rights.

The Rights Commission said Sunday that more than 7,500 migrants were in detention, at shelters or on the road in Chiapas. It urged authorities to carry out a proper census of the migrants and attend to their needs, particularly children.

Information for this article was contributed by Mark Stevenson of The Associated Press.

Central American migrants get water Tuesday as they and other members of their caravan trying to get to the United States rest at San Francisco Catholic Church in Tonala in Mexico’s Chiapas state. The group is facing more problems than previous caravans, encountering unwelcoming townsfolk and a surprise raid by Mexican authorities that thinned its ranks and scattered many travelers.

A Section on 04/24/2019

Print Headline: Caravan route less welcoming

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