George Soros' Open Society Foundations said Tuesday that it has become impossible to work in Hungary -- where the prime minister has blamed Soros for the country's problems -- and that the foundations would move their operations to Berlin.
The foundations, which promote democracy, free expression and civil rights, have come under growing political and legal pressure from Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who has stifled dissent and declared last week that "the era of liberal democracy is over."
The foundations have been a frequent target of the Hungarian government, and Orban has painted Soros, a prominent Democrat and billionaire, as a shadowy figure seeking to undermine the country's sovereignty.
"The government of Hungary has denigrated and misrepresented our work and repressed civil society for the sake of political gain, using tactics unprecedented in the history of the European Union," Patrick Gaspard, president of the foundations, said Tuesday.
The decision to close the groups' offices in the country of Soros' birth -- though they will continue to operate in many other countries -- is the culmination of years of struggle to work in an increasingly hostile environment. Soros, 87, a Jew who survived the Nazi occupation of Budapest during World War II, later made a fortune in the financial markets, and he created the foundations and donated billions of dollars to them.
Orban campaigned on a nationalist, anti-immigrant platform and vowed during the most recent campaign to seek revenge against those he deemed enemies of the state. He has proposed what is commonly referred to as a "Stop Soros" law, aimed at penalizing nongovernmental agencies that assist asylum seekers and refugees.
The legislation, as it was written before the election, would force aid agencies working with migrants to apply for and receive national security clearance from the Interior Ministry. Additionally, groups receiving foreign funding -- which include almost all of the major nongovernmental organizations in the country -- would have to pay a 25 percent tax on those contributions, a burden that many said would make it impossible to keep working in Hungary.
On Monday, Antal Rogan, the minister for Orban's Cabinet office, said the government would propose an even "tighter" bill, but he provided no details. The legislation is likely to come up for a vote within the next month.
Orban's party, Fidesz, along with a smaller coalition partner, holds two-thirds of the seats in Parliament and is therefore poised to pass whatever legislation it sees fit -- including changes to the constitution.
Leaders of the Open Society Foundations said that even without the approval of the bill, being based in the country had become untenable.
"It has become impossible to protect the security of our operations and our staff in Hungary from arbitrary government interference," Gaspard said.
But the groups' leaders vowed to continue to promote civil society in Hungary.
Central European University in Budapest, another institution that was founded and funded by Soros, remains in a state of limbo. Under current law, it cannot accept new students after January 2019; if it cannot reach a compromise with the government, it may also be forced to leave the country.
Soros has spent hundreds of millions of dollars in Hungary to promote political freedom, beginning when it was under one-party communist rule. The foundations have worked in the country since 1984.
Orban has held on to power in large part by focusing on a single issue: the migration crisis that reached its peak in 2015. He has framed the issue as a battle for the survival of the nation, where migrants, many of them Muslims, will subvert the country's Christian traditions.
It hardly seemed to matter during the campaign that few migrants were seeking to transit through Hungary. Orban successfully used the issue to accuse officials in Brussels and other Western leaders of seeking to undermine Hungary's sovereignty.
No figure featured more prominently in the campaign than Soros.
His image appeared on tens of thousands of posters plastered around the country, often edited to make it appear that he and leading opposition candidates were holding fence-cutting equipment, ready to throw open the nation's borders.
In a statement, the foundations said the government had spent "more than 100 million euros" on a propaganda campaign against them, including "invoking anti-Semitic imagery from World War II."
Viktor Orban delivers his speech after took his oath as Prime Minister of Hungary during the plenary session of the new Hungarian Parliament in Budapest, Hungary, Thursday, May 10, 2018.
A Section on 05/16/2018
Print Headline: Hungary's pressure leads Soros groups to pack up