WASHINGTON -- Congressional leaders reached a tentative $1.3 trillion spending deal Wednesday to keep government agencies operating through September, unveiling legislation that would make good on President Donald Trump's promises to increase military funding while blocking much of his immigration agenda.
The release of the 2,000-plus-page bill Wednesday evening touched off a legislative sprint as lawmakers try to pass it before Friday night, the deadline to avoid a government shutdown. And with a key senator unwilling to say whether he would agree to accelerate the deal's consideration, it remained uncertain whether the lawmakers would be able to meet the challenge.
"No bill of this size is perfect," said House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis. "But this legislation addresses important priorities and makes us stronger at home and abroad."
There were plot twists as the deal came together: As aides hashed out its final details Wednesday afternoon, Trump's support for the emerging compromise was suddenly cast into doubt, forcing Ryan to rush to the White House to allay the president's concerns.
After the meeting, White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said in a statement that Trump had spoken to Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., "about their shared priorities secured in the omnibus spending bill" and confirmed their mutual support for the legislation.
In the broadest strokes, the bill gives Republicans a win by delivering a $78 billion increase in military spending over 2017 levels, while Democrats won a $52 billion increase for domestic programs. The haggling that delayed the legislation's release concerned smaller-bore provisions sprinkled throughout the bill.
One hotly litigated matter concerned funding for Gateway, a major New York-area infrastructure project. At Trump's behest, Republicans succeeded in eliminating some provisions favoring the $30 billion project that includes building a new rail tunnel under the Hudson River. But project backers said the project would still be eligible for hundreds of billions of dollars in taxpayer funds.
The dickering played out for hours Wednesday, even after top congressional leaders left a morning meeting on a snowbound Capitol Hill declaring that a deal was at hand.
"We're feeling very good about this," said Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, D-N.Y. "We've accomplished many, many, many of our goals."
Democrats pressed particularly hard to block Trump's requests to fund a new wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and to beef up immigration enforcement capacity.
The bill includes $1.6 billion in funding for construction of a border wall, but that number is far short of the $25 billion in long-term funding that the administration sought. Democrats also won tight restrictions on how that money can be spent.
Most of those funds, officials said, can be used only for repairs or for "secondary" barriers along border stretches where there is already a wall. The rest can be used for 33 miles of new barriers, but there are restrictions on the type: Only levees or existing "bollard" fencing can be built, rather than the concrete prototypes Trump appears to favor.
The scant border wall funding, aides said, accounted for Trump's cold feet Wednesday. He pushed in recent days for much more extensive funding and expressed his willingness to cut a deal with Democrats to, in exchange, extend the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that Trump moved to cancel last year. But the talks went nowhere.
A House vote on the spending bill had been tentatively expected today, but by Wednesday night that looked likely to slip into Friday morning. That would leave scant margin for error in the Senate, where unanimous consent from all members would be needed to waive procedural rules and set up votes before the Friday midnight deadline.
That means any one senator could delay the proceedings and force a brief shutdown, much as Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., did in February, when he held up consideration of a previous budget bill.
Paul said Wednesday that he had not decided how he would handle the new bill, telling reporters that he would wait to read it first. But he made clear that he was unlikely to be pleased by its contents.
"I think it is safe to say that there are many voices in the Senate, including many Republicans, who are not real happy about having a 1,000-page bill crammed down our throat at the last minute without time to read it," he said. "It's a really terrible, rotten, no-good way to run your government."
The spending bill faces opposition from many conservative Republicans, but they are unlikely to be able to derail the bill given its likely support among Democrats and more moderate Republicans.
Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C., the chairman of the Freedom Caucus and a Trump ally, was described by a White House official as one of the key influencers of the president's position.
Meadows slammed the proposal during a Wednesday panel discussion on Capitol Hill, saying that "wins for conservatives will be few and far between."
"Are we going to continue to fund sanctuary cities? Are we going to continue to fund Planned Parenthood? Are we going to continue to raise the debt to levels that, quite frankly, are unsustainable and bankrupt our country?" he said. "There is really no wall funding. People will try to spin it as there is wall funding, but the [$1.6 billion] has been in there for some time."
Before the bill was unveiled, Sen. John Kennedy, R-La., said he was leaning toward voting against the spending plan based on what he knew about it, adding that as of Wednesday afternoon he knew very little about it.
"I feel like I'm a victim of mushroom management -- keep me in the dark and feed me manure," Kennedy said.
One late-breaking deal concerned gun laws. Democrats agreed to add bipartisan legislation to improve the National Instant Criminal Background Check System for gun buyers, while Republicans agreed to add language making clear that federal funds can be spent on research into gun violence -- clarifying a long-standing restriction that has been interpreted as preventing such research.
The package also includes a fix for a provision in the new tax law that favored farmer-owned cooperatives over traditional agriculture corporations, threatening the viability of some corporations by shifting sales to cooperatives. In exchange for agreeing to the fix sought by Republicans and farm groups, Democrats won an increase in a low-income housing tax credit.
Omitted was a health care measure, sought by Republican Sens. Susan Collins of Maine and Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, that would have allowed states to establish high-risk pools to help cover costly insurance claims and restored certain payments to insurers under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Trump, who ended the so-called cost-sharing reduction payments last fall, supported the Collins-Alexander language. But Democrats opposed it because they claimed it included language expanding the existing prohibition on federal funding for abortions.
While a Democratic push to win provisions protecting special counsel Robert Mueller did not succeed, the bill does include hundreds of millions of dollars to fight potential interference from Russia or others in the November midterm elections. The federal Election Assistance Commission will receive $380 million to dole out to states to improve their election-related cybersecurity. And the FBI is set to receive $300 million in counterintelligence funding to combat Russian hacking.
Congress approved a broad two-year budget deal last month that paved the way for this week's legislation. That deal set overall spending levels, raising strict limits on military and domestic spending by a total of about $140 billion this year. The spending bill this week allocates the allowed spending among a vast array of federal programs.
The bill is long overdue, coming more than five months after the 2018 fiscal year began Oct. 1. Since then, Congress has needed five stopgap spending measures to keep the government open. By snapping that streak of short-term patches, lawmakers would provide a dose of stability to federal agencies that have been left in limbo as Congress lurched from one stopgap measure to the next.
The spending measure is widely expected to be the last major piece of legislative business accomplished by lawmakers before they turn attention to the November elections that will decide control of Congress.
Information for this article was contributed by Mike DeBonis and Erica Werner of The Washington Post; by Erik Wasson, Laura Litvan, Billy House, Allyson Versprille and Jack Fitzpatrick of Bloomberg News; by Thomas Kaplan of The New York Times; and by Lisa Mascaro, Andrew Taylor, Jill Colvin, Alan Fram and Matthew Daly of The Associated Press.
A Section on 03/22/2018
Print Headline: $1.3 trillion spending bill emerges from D.C. talks